The Tulum archaeological site is one of the most famous in Mexico after Chichen Itza and Teotihuacan. It’s located in the Yucatan Peninsula and is visited by both domestic and international tourists alike.
Although Tulum is not as big as other Maya sites, it’s equally as impressive and is a must when visiting Mexican archaeological sites. Unlike other sites, its beauty is engulfed by the Caribbean Sea.
Let’s find out what there is to do, how we can get there, and some tips for your next trip. Ready?
Tulum or Tulum?
Before going any further, it’s important to explain something. If you google Tulum, you will find several references about it.
For starters, there is a town named Tulum, which, by the way, is one of Mexico’s 121 pueblos mágicos. It’s one of the 3 towns in Quintana Roo with that designation.
On the other hand, there is an archaeological site bearing the same name. For purposes of this post, we will focus on the archaeological site.
What’s Special About Tulum?
To begin with, Tulum is the only archaeological site located right next to the beach. No other site in Mexico can boast of that.
You can visit Tulum, explore the Maya ruins, and then hit the beach. How does that sound?
Since it’s located in the Yucatan Peninsula, it’s in the middle of the jungle with palm trees and lots of other green plants. Oh, did I mention there are tons of huge iguanas on-site? They’re the masters of the place.
A Little History
Tulum was a major Maya walled city. It served as a major port in the Yucatan Peninsula. It flourished between the 13th and 15th centuries.
The ruins occupy land in the now state of Quintana Roo in the southeastern portion of Mexico.
Diseases brought from Europe seem to have been the main cause of the decline of the city. The Maya had managed to survive for 70 years during the Spanish occupation, but eventually, they abandoned the city by the end of the 16th century.
It was rediscovered in 1840 by Jose Galvez, but it wasn’t until 1981 that the government opened it to public access.
Description of the Site
Tulum was built on a bluff facing the Caribbean Sea. Experts believe it was formerly called Zama, which means City of Dawn. The name Tulum is more recent and means wall. As a matter of fact, Tulum was one of the few Maya walled cities.
Just like Chichen Itza, it was built in honor of Kukulcan, the Maya god of wind. Speaking of its architecture, there are 3 major structures:
El Castillo. This structure served two purposes: it was the main temple and a lighthouse. It’s probably Tulum’s most impressive structure.
Temple of the Frescoes. The facade of the temple is decorated by figurines of the Maya Venus, the diving god. The temple also served as an observatory.
Temple of the Descending God. This temple consists of a single room built on top of another temple. Its name derived from the relief above the door, which is a sculpture with wings, a headdress, and an object in his hands.
How to Get There
The two closest airports are the Cancun airport and the Cozumel airport. Cancun is about 80 miles (130 km) away, and the trip will take you a little less than two hours. Cozumel is 49 miles (80 km) away, and the trip takes around two hours.
Depending on your preferences, you can choose either airport. Just keep in mind that if you fly to Cozumel, you will need to cross by ferry, which is more of a hassle. The route from Cancun doesn’t involve any sea travel.
The cheapest option would be taking an ADO bus from either Playa del Carmen or Cancun. The only drawback is they leave you at the entrance of the site which is 1 km away. You can check ADO’s website for more information on schedules and prices.
Another option would be hiring a tour with a local agency. There are several of them. That may be more convenient for you.
Renting a car could be another option, but consider what other activities you want to do and what places you want to visit. Do the math first and then decide if it’s worth it.
A Few Tips
- The site is open Monday through Sunday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. No one is allowed entry after 4:30 p.m.
- General admission is 80 pesos ($3.50). No dollars or euros accepted.
- If you don’t want to be pressed for time, your best bet is either taking a bus/van or driving. You can easily spend a whole day there.
- Wear comfortable shoes. I’ve seen one or two girls with heels. You will do a lot of walking, so being comfortable is important.
- Wear comfortable clothes. It’s super hot during the summer. Don’t forget to put on sunscreen and repellent. Oh, and don’t forget your swimsuit if you want to hit the beach at the end.
- The beach right in front of the ruins is the most popular. The good thing is the beach stretches for a good distance. You can either walk to a more secluded area or take a taxi at the site entrance.
- Try to get there as early as possible to avoid the sun rays and the crowds.
- If possible, avoid visiting on weekends, which tend to see large crowds.
- No food is allowed inside, but you can bring a bottle of water.
- The best time to visit in terms of weather is the period between December and April.
- We recommend staying in the town of Tulum at least for a day. It’s strategically located in the Riviera Maya with easy access to major cities such as Cancun and Playa del Carmen as well as cenotes, natural reserves, and other archaeological sites.
The Tulum archaeological site is a must when visiting the Riviera Maya. You can make it a one-day excursion or plan a longer stay in the town of Tulum.
Although this site is not as big as others in Mexico, it’s one of the most impressive and beautiful ones. No other site can boast of such a magnificent view as Tulum with the Caribbean Sea as its background.
Tulum is not that far from major tourist destinations such as Cancun. Access is easy, and transportation options include buses, vans, and tours.
Have you visited Tulum yet? Did you like it? Let me know in the comments below. Please don’t forget to share this article if you found it useful. See you soon!